Monitoring Polar Bear Movement

July 30th, 2018

September of 2010 was my first trip to Churchill, the polar bear capital of the world. I was invited as part of Polar Bear International’s keeper leadership camp, now called the Climate Alliance. Polar Bears International (PBI) is a non-profit polar bear conservation organization. Their focus is on research, education, and advocacy programs that address the issues that polar bears are facing.  I spent a week immersed in the tundra with other keepers from around the country.  We spent this time learning about polar bears and the threats they face while being captivated by the real thing!  After this first trip, I guess you could say I was hooked. I traveled to Churchill again in 2012 and 2014, as part of PBI’s Field Ambassador Program. Since my first trip and my first sight of a wild polar bear I felt inspired to make personal changes.

But after these changes I still felt compelled to do more. When Como Zoo’s Conservation Champion Project began, I started researching ways we could have an impact on polar bear research projects. After contacting PBI, I was informed of the Western Hudson Bay population study using GPS ear tags. Since this is the population of bears I saw in Churchill, I knew this is what I wanted Como to support.

The Western Hudson Bay population has been declining and shows more stress as climate change continues. It is one of the southernmost populations of polar bears and is considered one of the most threatened. While long-term data on female polar bear movements in the Western Hudson Bay region have been measured with radio collars for decades, there is a significant gap in the knowledge about male polar bear movements.  GPS collars do not stay on the male bears because their necks are too wide compared to their skulls, so collars simply slide off. Using ear tags and GPS satellite-linked radios, we will now be able to study the on-ice distribution and movements of male polar bears in Hudson Bay. This comprehensive examination of sea ice habitat use by male polar bears during the prime hunting and feeding periods will employ a combination of satellite telemetry, detailed tracking of individual bears, and remote sensing images of sea ice. Como Zoo, with the financial support of Como Friends, has funded the purchase of a GPS ear tag to be used in the study.

I look forward to seeing the outcomes of this research and am proud to know we helped support it. Thank you to Como Friends for their continued support of Como Zoo’s conservation efforts! Understanding how polar bears use habitat in a changing environment is critical for effective conservation planning. – Zookeeper Julie

 

 

 

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Zookeeper Melanie’s Work with Project Puffin

July 20th, 2018

Project Puffin, June 7-23 2018, Matinicus Rock, ME

This summer, I was fortunate to participate in Project Puffin through the National Audubon Society.

Project Puffin began in 1973, working for seabird restoration off the coast of Maine, with a focus on restoring native puffin populations.  Puffins and other seabirds were hunted heavily in the 19th century for feathers and meat, resulting in only 2 colonies surviving off the coast of Maine.  Project Puffin began restoration efforts by bringing puffin chicks from Newfoundland to try to repopulate islands where the birds originally ranged, and the group has been working towards that goal for over 4 decades with great success.

As a volunteer aviculturist, I was assigned to Matinicus Rock Island, one of 7 islands that Project Puffin stations researchers on during the seabird breeding season each summer.  The trip started off slow – our day of departure, the waves were too high to make a safe landing. Thankfully, the next day (Saturday June 9) was calm and we boarded the local ferry for our first leg of our journey.  Four hours of travel on three different vessels (a large ferry, a medium lobster boat and one tiny dory  we made it to Matinicus Rock!

The moment I stepped on dry land, the first thing I saw off was a ledge full of puffins!

Our first task was to lug all of our supplies for the next three weeks up to the lighthouse.  My hands were full as I ducked and dodged screaming terns as they dive-bombed my bare head.  I headed back through the gauntlet for another load while trying to remember where I packed my hat.

The following days were spent working with the full time research team to get the most out of the short field season.  Puffin burrows must be checked for eggs and pufflings.

Burrows are not easily accessed by big clumsy humans, and this required a lot of squeezing and bending and contorting to get a look inside.

Puffin chicks that were reachable were gently removed and fitted with a numbered band, then weighed and measured before being returned to their burrows.

We also did the same for razorbill chicks, another burrowing species of seabird from the Alcid family.

Another bird that I became very familiar with during my time on the island is the tern.  Both Common and Arctic Terns nest on the island, and one of the many tasks we performed was a multi-island census of the populations in Maine.  We walked the entire island in a grid pattern to count every nest and the number of eggs in each.  The adult terns were constantly overhead, reminding me to be sure and grab my hat!  Different nests were picked out for various studies and marked.  Once the chicks started to hatch, the study-specific birds were also banded and weighed to monitor their development.

Any spare time we had was spent in bird blinds, performing counts.  Sitting in a bird blind on an island in the Atlantic is a unique experience.  There is a spotting scope set up in a tiny box (with a chair if lucky, a bucket if not).  You sit, perched on the edge of a rocky precipice, wind howling at your back, waves crashing below, all the while trying to read the 4 little characters on a skinny metal leg band through the scope.  Sometimes you get a perfect view, other times it’s just a glint of silver before the band disappears under feathers or the bird flies off.  At the end of the day you trudge back to the lighthouse with a sore neck, tingly feet, and cold cheeks, all for the sake of research.  I loved every minute of it.

We also banded Leaches Storm Petrels, counted Common Eider nests, checked guillemot burrows, and performed daily counts of every bird on the island from the best vantage point – the lighthouse!  It was quite a view from up there!

It was an amazing and wonderful experience working with Project Puffin field researchers to help these amazing seabirds, and I am very thankful to Como Friends for making it possible.  It is important to understand and monitor these populations, not just for the colonies themselves, but also as an overall indicator of the health of our oceans.  By studying these populations we can see how they are changing, and try to be prepared for what changes might come as the climate shifts.  I am proud to have been part of a program that has worked so hard, not just for Puffins, but for many other species.  The seabird restoration techniques used and perfected by Project Puffin are being used worldwide in 14 different countries for 42 species.  I am proud that Como Zoo got to be a part of Project Puffin and contribute to this amazing project. – Zookeeper Melanie

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Rescuing Marine Mammals in California

June 15th, 2018

April 26

This April and May, Zookeepers Becky and Julie will be heading to Channel Islands Marine & Wildlife Institute (CIMWI), in Santa Barbara, California, to help rescue and rehabilitate sick, injured, malnourished, orphaned, entangled and oiled marine mammals. CIMWI is an all-volunteer run organization, so Becky and Julie will actively participate in all aspects of rehabilitation, including observing patients, following vet treatment plans, feeding, and cleaning the holding and treatment areas. If the timing is right, they could have a chance to be part of releasing a healthy rehabilitated marine mammal back to the wild. Check back in the coming months to read about their experiences. Thanks to Como Friends for funding their trips to help give marine mammals a second chance at life!

May 9

Zookeeper Becky is pictured here on her second day assisting CIMWI with their rehabilitation efforts. In the background, you can see patients #16 and #23. These are both California sea lion pups who were rescued because they were malnourished, dehydrated and underweight.

California sea lion pups are born in the middle of June, so these pups are about 10 months old. CIMWI’s goal is to rescue, rehabilitate and return these animals back to the wild.

May 11

Marine mammals can get stranded for a variety of reasons. Diagnostic testing is an essential part of the rehabilitation process for the marine mammals. Zookeeper Becky is pictured here examining blood cells from patient #36, a California sea lion pup. Looking at blood cells allows the veterinary team to determine if a patient has an infection, inflammation, parasites, or a combination of these issues. This information helps them determine the possible source of infection or inflammation and helps direct the course of prescribed medical treatment. The medications are inserted into a fish and fed to the patients with grabbers (tongs). This helps reduce the risk of habituating these wild animals to eating from people’s hands. CIMWI rehabilitates marine mammals with the goal of releasing them back to their natural wild environment. 

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RightCycle Program at Como

May 1st, 2018

Jaya wants you to know that last year Como started participating in an exciting program. With funds from Como Friends, the Como Zoo and Conservatory enrolled in the RightCycle Program.  Started in 2011, The RightCycle Program has helped customers divert over 300 tons of waste from landfills. Over 150 customers/organizations currently participate in the program.

The RightCycle Program enables us to continue to reach our organization’s conservation goals, divert waste from the landfill, and give our used nitrile gloves a new life by aiding in the creation of eco-responsible consumer goods like flower pots, patio furniture, and plastic shelving

To learn more about this program or to get your company on board follow the links.

https://www.fishersci.com/us/en/scientific-products/selection-guides/kimberly-clark-professional-rightcycle.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=cqrseXJRGwU

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Rehabbing Penguins in South Africa

January 14th, 2018

As a Conservation Champion, I spent two weeks in Cape Town, South Africa with the South African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds (SANCCOB).  African penguins are endangered and have breeding colonies at approximately 28 sites between Namibia and South Africa.  In fact, the number of African Penguin breeding pairs has declined from 80,162 pairs in 1979 to 25,100 pairs in 2015.  That is a decline of greater than 50% in just 38 years.  Reasons for this decline include: over-harvesting of fish, climate change, human conflict, and oil spills.  In order to help boost their numbers in the wild, SANCCOB treats sick, injured, and abandoned African Penguins (as well as other sea birds) and releases them back into the wild.  Not only do they rehabilitate and release African Penguins but they have an entire research department dedicated to tracking and studying the birds after they are released.

October 30, 2017

This was my first day at SANCCOB and I was told that I would be working in pen 3 with the birds that were getting ready for release.  These birds received three feedings per day.  Most of the birds needed to be force fed sardines and some of them required extra tube feedings to make sure they were at a healthy weight prior to release.  It was quite the learning curve.  The penguins at Como are a little less feisty than the wild birds.  Penguin #455 (we called him Patrick) came to SANCCOB with muscular issues and is the adult furthest to the left.  He gave me a few cuts and bruises before his release.

November 2, 2017

Penguins in the Intensive Care Unit needed some extra care and had more medications and feedings than birds in pen 3.  Almost every bird required an electrolyte solution called Darrows (much like Gatorade for penguins) and pureed fish formula, which we tube fed.  Penguins in the ICU received four feedings per day.  A few of the young chicks had a respiratory issue, which the vet referred to as “chick crackle.”  These birds were given a medicated nebulizer treatment twice a day.  The picture shows three young blues in their nebulizer “spa.”

November  5, 2017

I went out to the Boulder Bay Penguin Colony.  The two adult penguins, in the photo below, were laying near their chick.  The chick was probably a few weeks old and still losing the chick “fluff” which are the non-waterproof down feathers they have when they have first hatched.  The birds at this stage are called “blues” because the waterproof feathers growing in have a blue hue to them and will change to brownish/white as they become juveniles.

November 6, 2017

A penguin had been admitted earlier in the year with injuries to the neck, possibly Cape Fur Seal bites.  The wounds looked to be healing but the vet needed to open the stitches and make sure all of the infection was clear.  I was able to observe and participate in this surgery.   Good news for this penguin, the infection was gone and this bird would be able to be released in the near future.  Just before surgery there were 40 chicks admitted from the colonies.  The one in the photo is getting a quick physical before being taken to the chick rearing unit.

 

November 9, 2017

Release Day!!!  Today we drove 2.5 hours from Cape Town and brought 12 penguins out to the Stony Point Colony for release.  Penguins are transported in special bird boxes and then carried down to the beach.  Penguin #455 (Patrick) was the adult being released in these photos.  While the blues took their time getting to the water, Patrick ran as fast as he could and dove into the waves.  Good Luck Patrick!  Wishing you fair seas and plentiful fish. – Zookeeper Kelley

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